Expert Blog Series: Who’s at Risk with Dr. Nisha Bunke

October 24, 2013

Expert Blog Series: Who’s at Risk with Dr. Nisha Bunke

For this week’s installation of our Expert Blog Series with Dr. Nisha Bunke, we will be talking about who is at risk for developing varicose veins. It was surprising to find out that many times these conditions can develop for a variety of reasons including heredity and age. Below you will find what the causes of varicose veins are and what you can do to prevent them!

Common Causes of Varicose Veins

  • Heredity: If varicose veins run in your family, you have a higher risk to develop them.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop vein disorders than men. However, men can still develop varicose veins. In fact, vein disorders affect one in five men.
  • Age: Varicose veins can occur at any stage in life, but they are increasing prevalent with advancing age.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can increase the risk of varicose veins, but the good news is that they tend to improve after birth.
  • Jobs and Activities: People who spend a great deal of time on their feet or have jobs that require them to sit all day are much more likely to develop varicose veins than those who are active.
  • Obesity: People with an elevated body-mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater are more prone to varicose veins.
  • Hormones: Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), fertility treatments, and oral contraceptive medicines tend to trigger the development of varicose veins.

There are many different factors that can cause for the development of varicose veins, but there are also many things you can do to prevent them as well! For starters, maintaining a healthy weight and regular exercise routine helps significantly. If you find yourself sitting or standing for long periods of time, take frequent breaks to stretch. Stagnant blood flow is the main cause for vein conditions, which is why Dr. Bunke also highly recommends wearing VIM & VIGR compression socks for those who are at risk. Compression socks help circulate blood flow but also combat varicose veins in doing so. 




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Sizing, Fabric & Compression Levels Guide

Size Chart:

We have a different sizing chart depending on the type of compression garment. Please consider your foot and calf circumference when choosing your size.

If you're in between sizes, ask yourself a few questions:
What is my body type? Will I be more comfortable in a size up or down? Take your body type into consideration when choosing a size especially if you're in between sizes.

VIM & VIGR Size Chart




Fabric Collections:


  • 400 needle-count for flexibility and comfort
  • Excellent for athletic use
  • Multi-dimensional weave allows for breathability
  • Composition: 91% Nylon/9% Spandex


  • 400 needle-count for flexibility and comfort
  • Moisture-wicking fabric to draw sweat and moisture off of the skin
  • Multi-dimensional weave allows for breathability
  • Composition: 83% Moisture-wick Nylon/17% Nylon


  • 200 needle-count for flexibility and comfort
  • Natural breathability
  • High-quality double covered elastic fibers and premium cotton
  • Composition: 48% Cotton/42% Nylon/10% Spandex


  • 200 needle-count for flexibility and comfort
  • Natural breathability and moisture-wicking properties
  • High-quality double covered elastic fibers and fine Merino wool
  • Light-cushioned sole
  • Composition: 40% Merino wool/45% Nylon/15% Spandex

Garment Care:

Machine wash after each wear, delicate and cold.

Air dry is preferred to maintain the elasticity and quality of fabrics.

Compression Levels:

Compression garments are made in a variety of support levels, each of which is designed to address different needs. These levels are most commonly expressed in millimeters of mercury (abbreviated as mmHg). Generally, graduated compression is displayed in ranges. The higher the numerical value, the stronger the support level indicated. For example, a 20-30 mmHg garment will offer more support and feel tighter than a 15-20 mmHg garment.

All of VIM & VIGR’s products are offered in 15-20 mmHg compression level and select styles are available in 20-30 mmHg.

VIM & VIGR Compression Levels

How to put on compression socks:

Slip your arm into the sock until your fingers reach the toes. Your palm should be resting in the sock's heel. 

Starting at the cuff, fold the sock over until it meets the heel. Make sure to fold the sock onto itself.

With the sock still inverted, pull the foot of the sock firmly onto your foot. Make sure your toes are securely in the toe pocket. Starting with the cuff, gradually roll the sock up.

Adjust so that your heel is properly positioned in the heel pocket and the cuff sits below the knee. Make sure the cuff is not pulled up too high.